22-1-104. Teaching of history, culture, and civil government. “(1) The history and civil government of the state of Colorado shall be taught in all the public schools of this state. (2) In addition, the history and civil government of the United States, which incudes the history, culture, and contributions of minorities, including, but not limited to, the American Indians, the Hispanic Americans, and the African Americans, shall be taught in all the public schools of the state. (3) (a) Satisfactory completion of a course on the civil government of the United States and the state of Colorado, which includes the subjects described in subsection (2) of this section, shall be a condition of high school graduation in the public schools of this state.
“These standards outline the knowledge and skills needed to help young people develop the ability to make informed and reasoned decisions for the public good as citizens of a culturally diverse, democratic society in an interdependent world.” (page 11)
Prepared graduates in civics: “(1) Analyze and practice rights, roles, and responsibilities of citizens, and (2) Analyze the origins, structure, and functions of governments and their impacts on societies and citizens.” (page 15)
“Civics teaches students the complexity of the origins, structure, and functions of governments; the rights, roles and responsibilities of ethical citizenship; the importance of law; and the skills necessary to participate in all levels of government.” (page 16)
- Explain the origins, structure, and functions of the three branches of the state government and the relationships among them.
- Identify and explain a variety of roles leaders, citizens, and others play in state government.
- Identify and explain the services state government provides and how those services are funded.
- Explain the historical foundation and the events that led to the formation of the Colorado government.
- Describe how the decisions of the state government affect local government and interact with federal law.
- Identify political principles of American democracy and how the Constitution and Bill of Rights reflect and preserve these principles.
- Explain the historical foundation and the events that led to the formation of the United States constitutional government. Topics to include but not limited to the colonial experience, the Declaration of Independence, and the Articles of Confederation.
- Explain the origins, structure, and functions of the three branches of the United States government and the relationships among them.
- Describe how the decisions of the national government affect local and state government.
- Formulate appropriate hypotheses about United States history based on a variety of historical sources and perspectives.
- The historical eras, individuals, groups, ideas and themes from the origins of the American Revolution through Reconstruction and their relationships with one another.
- Analyze elements of continuity and change in the United States government and the role of citizens over time.
- The place of law in a constitutional system.
- Discern various types of law
- Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of rule of law
- Describe and engage in various means of conflict management
- Explain the role and importance of the Constitution
- Discuss the tensions between individual rights, state law, and national law.
- Explain how state and federal court power of judicial review is reflected in the United States form of constitutional government.
- Use a variety of resources to identify and evaluate issues that involve civic responsibility, individual rights and the common good.
- Describe the origins, purposes and limitations of government and include the contribution of key philosophers and documents.
- Identify the structure, function, and roles of members of government and their relationship to democratic values.
- Analyze and explain the importance of the principles of democracy and inherent competition among values. Values to include but not be limited to freedom and security, individual rights and common good, and rights and responsibilities.
- Analyze the role of the founding documents and the evolution of their interpretation through governmental action and court cases. Documents to include but not limited to the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
- Use media literacy skills to locate multiple valid sources of information regarding the foundations, structures, and functions of government.
- Analyze how court decisions, legislative debates, and various and diverse groups have helped to preserve, develop, and interpret the rights and ideals of the American system of government.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of our justice system in protecting life, liberty, and property.