Title 28 of the Louisiana Administrative Code, Education:

LAC 28:CXI §1301 Graduation Exit Examination (GEE) includes an assessment of social studies skills.

LAC 28:CXXI §103 The Louisiana Content Standards Task Force identified five “foundation skills” that “should apply to all students in all disciplines.” The 5th is citizenship: “The application of the understanding of the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of active participation in a democratic republic that includes working respectfully and productively together for the benefit of the individual and the community; being accountable for one’s choices and actions and understanding their impact on oneself and others; knowing one’s civil, constitutional, and statutory rights; and mentoring others to be productive citizens and lifelong learners.” The citizenship and government standard is “Students develop an understanding of the structure and purposes of government, the foundations of the American democratic system, and the role of the United States in the world, while learning about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.” There are benchmarks for K-4, 5-8 and 9-12.


Louisiana Social Studies Academic Standards


  • History, Historical Thinking Skills (Standard 2): Students distinguish between events, people, and symbols in the past and present.
    • K.2.1 Compare and contrast children and families of today with those in the past using various sources.
    • K.2.2 Identify symbols of local, state, and national importance using various sources.
    • K.2.3 Identify local, state, and national celebrations, holidays, and events using various sources.
    • K.2.4 Recall facts about people of the past and present.
  • Civics, Government and Citizenship (Standard 4): Students understand how to participate and use effective citizenship skills at home, in the school, and in the community.

Grade 1

  • History, Historical People, Events, and Symbols (Standard 2): Students identify and describe people, events, and symbols that are important to the United States.
    • 1.2.1 Identify and explain the importance of American heroes, symbols, landmarks, and patriotic songs.
    • 1.2.2 Describe reasons for celebrating events commemorated in national holidays.
  • Civics, Government and Citizenship (Standard 4): Students develop an understanding of the purpose and structure of government and their role as a citizen.
    • 1.4.1 Develop a list of rules for the classroom and describe their benefits/consequences.
    • 1.4.2 State examples of rules and laws in the home, school, and community and explain their purposes.
    • 1.4.3 Identify the current mayor, governor, and president.
    • 1.4.4 Describe the student’s role, rights, and responsibilities as a citizen of the class, the school, and the community.

Grade 2

  • Civics, Government and the American Political System (Standard 3): Students develop an understanding of the structure and purposes of government in the United States.
    • 2.3.1 Describe ways a responsible government meets the basic needs of the local community.
    • 2.3.2 Identify the three branches of national government as represented by the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court.
    • 2.3.3 Recognize current political leaders of the community, state, and nation and describe how they are elected.

Grade 3

  • Civics, Government and Political Systems: Students analyze the structures and function of local and state government.
    • 3.5.1 Explain the difference between rules and laws.
    • 3.5.2 Explain who is responsible for enforcing state and local laws.
    • 3.5.3 Investigate the major responsibilities of the three branches of local and state government.
    • 3.5.4 Explain how local and state governments meet the basic needs of society.
    • 3.5.5 Discuss the powers of local and state officials.
    • 3.5.6 Compare how government officials at the state and national levels are elected.

Grade 4

  • Civics, Government and Political Systems (Standard 7): Students explain the structure and purposes of government and the foundations of the United States democratic system using primary and secondary sources.
    • 4.7.1 Identify and summarize significant changes that have been made to the United States Constitution through the amendment process.
    • 4.7.2 Explain the significance of key ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights.
    • 4.7.3 Identify and analyze the basic purposes and necessity of government as identified in the Preamble to the Untied States Constitution.
    • 4.7.4 Differentiate between the structure and function of the three branches of federal government.
  • Civics, Role of Citizen (Standard 8): Students examine the rights, responsibilities, and duties of a United States citizen in order to understand how individuals contribute to the democratic system of government.
    • 4.8.1 Identify the key requirements to become a United States citizen.
    • 4.8.2 Differentiate between citizens’ rights, responsibilities, and duties.
    • 4.8.3 Describe the qualities of a good citizen and how good citizenship contributes to the United States’ democracy.
    • 4.8.4 Explain how good citizenship can solve a current issue.

Grade 5

  • Civics, Purposes, Foundation, and Structure (Standard 6): Students investigate different types of government to understand their influence on the development of government in colonial America.
    • 5.6.1 Compare and contrast the different types of government in colonial America that influenced the development of the United States.
    • 5.6.2 Summarize the key ideas that influenced the development of colonial governments and their influence on the growth of American democracy.
  • Civics, Civic Literacy (Standard 7): Students will examine the role of the citizen in government.
    • 5.7.1 Investigate basic rights and responsibilities of citizens in current day government.

Grade 6

  • Civics, Government: Foundation and Structure: Students examine the influence of the structure, function, and origin of democracy.
    • 6.5.1 Describe the essential elements of Greek city-state government that influenced the development of democracy.
    • 6.6.2 Describe the government of the Roman Republic and how it influenced the development of democracy.

Grade 7

  • History, Revolution and the New Nation (Standard 2): Students analyze the impact of key events, ideas, and people on the economic, political, and social development of the United States from 1763-1800.
    • 7.2.1 Identify and describe the impact of key events, ideas, and people that led to the American Revolution.
    • 7.2.2 Analyze important turning points and major development of the American Revolution.
    • 7.2.3 Evaluate the development of the United States government from the First Continental Congress through the ratification of the United States Constitution.
    • 7.2.4 Describe the major political and economic events, and policies of the Washington and Adams presidencies.
  • Civics, Government: Purposes, Foundations, and Structure: Students understand the purposes, foundation, and structure of the United States government.
    • 7.8.1 Evaluate the major purposes of government according to the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States.
    • 7.8.2 Differentiate between various forms of government.
    • 7.8.3 Explain how key ideas expressed in historical documents influenced the formation of  the U.S. government.
    • 7.8.4 Evaluate the principles of government embodied in the United States Constitution.
    • 7.8.5 Describe the structure and powers of the three branches of the federal government.
    • 7.8.6 Illustrate how a bill becomes a law at the federal level.
    • 7.8.7 Describe the process used to amend the Constitution.
    • 7.8.8 Examine how key legislation and court decisions influenced the course of the United States history from 1763-1877.
    • 7.8.9 Explain how federal officials are elected of appointed.
  • Civics, Civic Literacy (Standard 10): Students examine the roles, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship in order to develop civic literacy.
    • 7.10.1 Describe the influences on and the development and expansion of individual rights and freedoms.
    • 7.10.2 Identify and describe ways in which citizens influence change in a democratic society.
    • 7.10.3 Explain the duties and responsibilities of United States citizens.
    • 7.10.4 Describe the qualifications or requirements for United States citizenship.
    • 7.10.5 Describe the development and roles of political parties and special interest groups in the United States from 1787–1877.

Grade 8

  • Civics, Government: Purposes, Foundation, and Structure (Standard 6): Students examine the foundation, structure and purposes of Louisiana government and the correlations between local, state, and federal governments.
    • 8.6.1 Compare the foundation, function, and powers of the Louisiana and United States Constitutions.
    • 8.6.2 Compare and contrast the preambles of the Louisiana and United States Constitutions.
    • 8.6.3 Describe the role of various forms of local government in Louisiana.
  • Civics, Civic Literacy (Standard 8): Students examine the rights and responsibilities of Louisiana citizens that enable them to become informed participants in civic life.
    • 8.8.1 Describe ways in which citizens can organize, monitor, or influence government and politics at the local, state, and national levels.
    • 8.8.2 Explain the importance of being an informed citizen on public issues, recognizing propaganda, and knowing the voting issues.

Grades 9-12

  • Foundations of American Government (Standard 1): Students investigate the principles that influenced the Founding Fathers of the United States to create a constitutional federal republic.
    • C.1.1 Describe reasons why government is necessary, explaining competing ideas about the role of government in society.
    • C.1.2 Compare and contrast the structure and leadership of different forms of government in various nations.
    • C.1.3 Analyze the influence of the Magna Carta, English common law, and the English Bill of Rights in creating a limited form of government in the United States.
    • C.1.4 Explain the influence of Enlightenment philosophers, the Great Awakening, and the American Revolution on the American founding documents.
    • C.1.5 Explain the issues involved in various compromises or plans leading to the creation of the United States Constitution.
    • C.1.6 Analyze the underlying principles and concepts embodied in primary documents that influenced the creation of the United States Constitution.
  • Structure and Purposes of Government (Standard 2): Students explain the structure, roles, and responsibilities of the United States government.
    • C.2.1 Analyze ways in which the purposes of the United States government, as defined in the United States Constitution, are achieved.
    • C.2.2 Describe the structure and functions of the federal government as stated in the United States Constitution.
    • C.2.3Explain the distribution of powers, responsibilities, and limits on the United States government.
    • C.2.4 Cite the qualifications, terms of office, roles, and duties for appointed and elected officials.
    • C.2.5 Explain the processes and strategies of how a bill becomes a law at the federal level.
    • C.2.6 Differentiate between loose and strict constructionist interpretation of the Constitution by examining the meaning and implications of the Bill of Rights and subsequent amendments.
    • C.2.7 Explain the role of regulatory and independent government agencies in American society.
    • C.2.8 Compare and contrast the functions of various state and local governments in terms of tax code, political structure, and election procedures.
  • Role of the Citizen in American Democracy (Standard 5): Students examine how citizens can participate responsibly and effectively in American civic and political life.
    • C.5.1 Distinguish between personal, political, and economic rights of citizenship.
    • C.5.2 Differentiate between civic duties and responsibilities, including various forms of civic participation.
    • C.5.3 Describe how civil rights have evolved over time to include diverse groups of citizens.
    • C.5.4 Evaluate the role of the media and public opinion in American politics, including the use and effects of propaganda techniques.
    • C.5.5 Analyze the effects of campaigns, campaign finance, elections, the Electoral College, and the United States census in the American political system.
    • C.5.6 Describe key platform positions of the major political parties and evaluate the impact of third parties in election outcomes.
    • C.5.7 Explain historical and contemporary roles of special interest groups, lobbyists, and associations in United States politics.