Missouri

Missouri Citizenship Education Policies:

5 CSR 50-345.3 “At least two units selected to enable students to master important knowledge and skills in the areas of civic knowledge and responsibility; economic systems and functions; governmental functions; geography; world history; and American history. One of the two units must be American history, and the equivalent of one-half unit must be in government.” Effective for the graduating class of 2010 and thereafter, 3 units are required.

§ 170.011 R.S.Mo. All schools are required to provide regular instruction in the constitutions of the United States and of the state of Missouri and in American history and institutions. “No pupil shall receive a certificate of graduation from any public or private school other than private trade schools unless he has satisfactorily passed an examination on the provisions and principles of the Constitution of the United States and of the state of Missouri, and in American history and American institutions.”

Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Graduation Requirements, March 2015:

Appendix C: “Section 170.011, RSMo, requires all students to receive instruction on the U.S. and Missouri constitutions and in American history and institutions, beginning no later than grade 7 and continuing through high school and college…Students must also receive the equivalent of at least one semester of instruction in the institutions, branches and functions of federal, state and local government and in the electoral processes, sometime during grades 9-12…To be eligible for graduation from high school, a student must satisfactorily pass a test or tests on the provisions and principles of the U.S. and Missouri constitutions and in American history and institutions at some time(s) during grades 7-12. The design, content and passing criteria for the test(s) are at the discretion of local school districts…Students must also pass the course or courses designated as containing the required instruction in the institutions, branches and functions of federal, state and local government and in the electoral processes.” (page 28)

Missouri Social Studies Standards

Kindergarten

  • SS1 4.1 Identify why laws and rules are made.
  • SS2 1.6, 4.1 Describe how groups need to make decisions and how those decisions are made in families and classrooms.
  • SS2 1.10, 4.1 Explain what it means to make rules and how it is necessary to carry out or enforce rules.

Grade 1

  • SS1 1.10 Explain how laws and rules are made and changed to promote the common good.
  • SS1 1.10 List the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
  • SS2 1.10 Describe how authoritative decisions are made, enforced and interpreted within schools.
  • SS2 1.10, 1.6 Explain what it means to make, enforce, carry out and interpret rules (i.e., explain what rules mean in specific cases).

Grade 2

  • SS1 1.10, 4.1 Explain and apply the concept of majority rule.
  • SSI 4.2 Explain the rights of citizens.
  • SS2 1.10 Describe how authoritative decisions are made, enforced and interpreted within local communities

Grade 3

  • SS1 1.10, 4.1 Identify and explain why cities make laws and ordinances.
  • SS1 4.2 Discuss and apply responsibilities of citizens including respect for the rights of others and treating others fairly (justice).
  • SS1 1.5 State the main purposes of the Declaration of Independence.
  • SS1 1.5 Identify the purpose of the Constitution.
  • SS2 1.10 Describe how authoritative decisions are made, enforced and interpreted within the federal government.
  • SS2 1.10, 1.6 Identify and explain the functions of the three branches of government in the federal government.

Grade 4

  • SS1 1.10, 4.1 Identify and explain why Missouri has a constitution and why the state makes and enforces laws.
  • SS1 1.10, 4.2 Identify rights included in the Bill of Rights, including freedoms of religion, speech, press; to assemble peacefully; to petition the government; and to be treated fairly by the government.
  • SS1 1.5, 1.10 Explain the major purpose of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

Grade 5

  • SS1 1.6 Identify important principles in the Declaration of Independence, such as inalienable rights and government by consent of the governed.
  • SS1 1.10 Identify important principles in the Constitution including:
    • limited government
    • rule of law
    • majority rule
    • minority rights
    • separation of powers
    • checks and balances
  • SS1 1.10 Identify important principles in the Bill of Rights, such as basic rights and freedoms (for rights listed, see Amendments 1-8; for rights not listed, see Amendment 9).

Grade 6

  • SS1 1.6 Identify responsibilities that governments and citizens need to accept to become effective in a republic.
  • SS1 1.10 Define the following:
    • limited government
    • rule of law
    • majority rule
    • minority rights

Grade 7

  • SS1 1.6, 4.2 Analyze responsibilities governments and citizens need to accept to become effective in a republic.
  • SS1 1.6 Compare and contrast the following:
    • limited government
    • rule of law
    • majority rule
    • minority rights

Grade 8

  • SS1 1.6. 4.2 Analyze important principles in the Declaration of Independence, including inalienable rights and government by consent of the governed.
  • SS1 1.6, 4.2 Analyze important principles in the Constitution including:
    • limited government
    • rule of law
    • majority rule and minority rights
    • separation of powers o checks and balances o amendment process
    • federalism (i.e., as regards federal and state governments, powers being shared, delegated and reserved)
    • popular sovereignty
    • due process of law (see Amendments V & XIV)
    • voting by citizens, especially as later amendments were passed
  • SS1 1.10 Apply important principles of the Bill of Rights, such as:
    • basic rights and freedoms (for rights listed, see Amendments 1-8; for rights not listed, see Amendment 9)
    • protections against the government (fair trials, rights of accused, due process of law, etc.)
  • SS1 1.6, 4.2 Apply knowledge of responsibilities that governments and citizens need to accept in order to carry out the principles in the Bill of Rights.
  • SS2 4.2 Apply rights and responsibilities of individuals to events in US history and everyday life.
  • SS1 1.10 Explain how laws are made, interpreted and enforced.
  • SS2 1.10 Explain how leaders are selected.
  • SS2 1.10 Explain how power is distributed among individuals and branches of government.
  • SS2 4.2 Describe how to participate in government (i.e., voting, campaigning, lobbying, participating in a political party, petitioning, influencing public opinion, etc.).
  • SS2 1.6 Give examples of how local, state and national governments impact people’s lives.
  • SS2 1.6 Analyze decision-making and conflict resolution in courts at local, state and national levels (roles of judge, jury, attorneys for prosecution, plaintiff and defense; civil vs. criminal law; court procedures).
  • SS3 4.1, 1.6 Justify the drafting of the Constitution and its effects on the formation of the new nation.

Grades 9-12: US History

  • SS1 1.6, 3.5 government in the context of the historical period being studied:
    • philosophy
    • limits
    • duties
    • checks and balances o separation of powers o federalism
  • SS1 1.6 Assess the changing roles of the following:
    • checks and balances o separation of powers o federalism
  • SS1 1.6 Define and explain judicial review.
  • SS2 1.6, 1.9 Explain the importance of the following principles of government within the context of US History from Reconstruction to the present:
    • majority rule and minority rights
    • constitution and civil rights
    • checks and balances
  • SS3 1.6, 1.9 Analyze the evolution of American democracy, its ideas, institutions and political processes from Reconstruction to the present, including:
    • Reconstruction
    • struggle for civil rights
    • expanding role of government
    • expanding participation in political processes
  • SS3 1.10 Explain the importance of the following principles of government since Reconstruction.
    • majority rule and minority rights
    • constitution and civil rights
    • checks and balances
  • SS3 1.10 Assess the changing roles of the following:
    • checks and balances o separation of powers o federalism
    • define and explain judicial review
  • SS1 3.5, 1.10 Apply the following principles of republic to historical and contemporary issues:
    • checks and balances o separation of powers o federalism
    • representation
    • popular sovereignty o due process of law o judicial review
  • SS1 4.2 Determine the civic responsibilities of individual citizens.
  • SS1 1.6 Assess the changing roles of government.
    • philosophy
    • limits
    • duties
  • SS1 1.10, 1.5, 1.6 Describe the historical foundations of the United States governmental system as reflected in the following documents:
    • Magna Carta
    • Enlightenment writings of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu, and the Social Contract Theory
    • Mayflower Compact
    • Declaration of Independence
    • Articles of Confederation
  • SS1 1.6 Identify and give examples of democracies and republics.
  • SS1 1.5, 1.6, 1.10, 3.5 Explain the relevance and connection of constitutional principles in the following documents:
    • U.S. Constitution
    • Federalist Papers
    • Amendments to Constitution, emphasizing Bill of Rights
    • Key Supreme Court decisions Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, Miranda v. Arizona, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
  • SS2 1.6, 1.9 Describe the structure of government and the purposes of laws (with emphasis on the federal and state governments) in general.
  • SS2 1.10 Explain the importance of the following principles of government:
    • limited government
    • majority rule and minority rights
    • constitution and civil rights
    • checks and balances
    • merits of the above principles
  • SS2 1.10 Explain the processes pertaining to:
    • selection of political leaders (with an emphasis on presidential and parliamentary systems)
    • functions and styles of leadership (including authoritarian, democratic and laissez faire)
    • governmental systems
    • how laws and rules are made, enforced, changed and interpreted
  • SS3 1.6, 1.9 Analyze the evolution of American democracy, its ideas, institutions and political processes, including:
    • Constitution and amendments
    • struggle for civil rights
    • expanding role of government
  • SS3 1.10 Explain the importance of the following principles of government since Reconstruction.
    • majority rule and minority rights
    • constitution and civil rights
    • checks and balances
  • SS3 1.10 Assess the changing roles of the following:
    • checks and balances o separation of powers o federalism
    • define and explain judicial review
  • SS3 1.6, 1.9 Evaluate the Enlightenment, including its principle ideas, its antecedents, its challenge to absolutist monarchies and others and its effects on world history.