Montana High School Graduation Requirements:

Mont. Admin. R. 10.55.905: Two units of social studies

Montana Social Studies Standards

Content Standard 2: “Students analyze how people create and change structures of power, authority, and governance to understand the operation of government and to demonstrate civic responsibility.”

End of Grade 4

  • Explain the purpose and various levels of government.
  • Recognize local, state, tribal and federal governments and identify representative leaders at these levels (e.g., mayor, governor, chairperson, president).
  • Identify the major responsibilities of local, state, tribal and federal government.
  • Explain how governments provide for needs and wants of people by establishing order and security and managing conflict.
  • Identify and explain the individual’s responsibilities to family, peers and the community, including the need for civility, respect for diversity and the rights of others.

End of Grade 8

  • Describe the purpose of government and how the powers of government are acquired, maintained and used.
  • Identify and describe the basic features of the political system in the United States and identify representative leaders from various levels (e.g., local, state, tribal, federal, branches of government).
  • Analyze and explain governmental mechanisms used to meet the needs of citizens, manage conflict, and establish order and security.
  • Identify and explain the basic principles of democracy (e.g., Bill of Rights, individual rights, common good, equal opportunity, equal protection of the laws, majority rule).
  • Explain conditions, actions and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among groups and nations (e.g. discrimination, peer interaction, trade agreements).

End of Grade 12

  • Analyze the historical and contemporary purpose of government and how the powers of government are acquired, modified, justified and used (e.g. checks and balances, Bill of Rights, court decisions).
  • Compare and contrast various world political systems (e.g., ideologies, structure, institutions) within the United States.
  • Identify representative political leaders and philosophies from selected historical and contemporary settings.
  • Relate the concept of tribal sovereignty to the unique powers of tribal governments as they interact with local, state and federal governments.
  • Analyze the effectiveness of various systems of government to protect the rights and needs of citizens and balance competing conceptions of a just society.
  • Analyze the impact of the Constitution, laws and court decisions on the rights and responsibilities of citizens.