New Jersey

New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards, Statutes and Regulations:

N.J.A.C. 6A:8-5.1 Graduation requirements (iv) At least 15 credits in social studies, including satisfaction of N.J.S.A. 18A:35-1 and 2; five credits in world history; and the integration of civics, economics, geography and global content in all course offerings.”

New Jersey 2013 Revised Statutes, Title 18A Education:

NJ Rev Stat § 18A:35-1. 2-year course of study in history: “The superintendent of schools in each district shall prepare and recommend to the board of education of the district, and the board of education shall adopt a suitable two-year course of study in the history of the United States, including the history of New Jersey, to be given to each student during the last four years of high school. Said course of study shall include material recommended by the commissioner dealing with the history of the Negro in America.”

New Jersey Social Studies Standards

End of Grade 4

  • Rules and laws are developed to protect people’s rights and the security and welfare of society. The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights guarantee certain fundamental rights for citizens.
    • 6.1.4.A.1 Explain how rules and laws created by community, state, and national governments protect the rights of people, help resolve conflicts, and promote the common good.
    • 6.1.4.A.2 Explain how fundamental rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights (i.e., freedom of expression, freedom of religion, the right to vote, and the right to due process) contribute to the continuation and improvement of American democracy.
  • American constitutional government is based on principles of limited government, shared authority, fairness, and equality.
    • 6.1.4.A.3 Determine how “fairness,” “equality,” and the “common good” have influenced new laws and policies over time at the local and national levels of United States government.
  • There are different branches within the United States government, each with its own structure, leaders, and processes, and each designed to address specific issues and concerns.
    • 6.1.4.A.4 Explain how the United States government is organized and how the United States Constitution defines and checks the power of government.
    • 6.1.4.A.5 Distinguish the roles and responsibilities of the three branches of the national government.
    • 6.1.4.A.6 Explain how national and state governments share power in the federal system of government.
  • In a representative democracy, individuals elect representatives to act on the behalf of the people.
    • 6.1.4.A.7 Explain how the United States functions as a representative democracy, and describe the roles of elected representatives and how they interact with citizens at local, state, and national levels.
    • 6.1.4.A.8 Compare and contrast how government functions at the community, county, state, and national levels, the services provided, and the impact of policy decisions made at each level.
  • The United States democratic system requires active participation of its citizens.
    • 6.1.4.A.11 Explain how the fundamental rights of the individual and the common good of the country depend upon all citizens exercising their civic responsibilities at the community, state, national, and global levels.
    • 6.1.4.A.12 Explain the process of creating change at the local, state, or national level.
  • Key historical events, documents, and individuals led to the development of our nation.
    • 6.1.4.D.4 Explain how key events led to the creation of the United States and the state of New Jersey.
    • 6.1.4.D.5 Relate key historical documents (i.e., the Mayflower Compact, the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Bill of Rights) to present day government and citizenship.
    • 6.1.4.D.6 Describe the civic leadership qualities and historical contributions of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin toward the development of the United States government.
    • 6.1.4.D.9 Explain the impact of trans-Atlantic slavery on New Jersey, the nation, and individuals.

End of Grade 8

  • Civil War and Reconstruction: The Civil War resulted from complex regional differences involving political, economic, and social issues, as well as different views on slavery. The Civil War and Reconstruction had a lasting impact on the development of the United States.
    • 6.1.8.D.5.a Prioritize the causes and events that led to the Civil War from different perspectives.
    • 6.1.8.D.5.b Analyze critical events and battles of the Civil War and determine how they contributed to the final outcome of the war.
  • 6.1.8.D.5.c Examine the roles of women, African Americans, and Native Americans in the Civil War.
  • 6.1.8.D.5.d Analyze the effectiveness of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution from multiple perspectives.
  • Expanding Exchanges and Encounters (500 CE-1450 CE)
    • o 6.2.8.A.4.c Determine the influence of medieval English legal and constitutional practices (i.e., the Magna Carta, parliament, the development of habeas corpus, and an independent judiciary) on modern democratic thought and institutions.

End of Grade 12

  • Revolution and the New Nation: The war for independence was the result of growing ideological, political, geographic, economic, and religious tensions resulting from Britain’s centralization policies and practices. The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights were designed to provide a framework for the American system of government, while also protecting individual rights. Debates about individual rights, states’ rights, and federal power shaped the development of the political institutions and practices of the new Republic.
    • o 6.1.12.A.2.a Assess the importance of the intellectual origins of the Foundational Documents (i.e., Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and Bill of Rights) and assess their importance on the spread of democracy around the world.
    • 6.1.12.A.2.b Compare and contrast state constitutions, including New Jersey’s 1776 constitution, with the United States Constitution, and determine their impact on the development of American constitutional government.
    • 6.1.12.A.2.c Compare and contrast the arguments of Federalists and Anti-Federalists during the ratification debates, and assess their continuing relevance.
    • 6.1.12.A.2.d Explain how judicial review made the Supreme Court an influential branch of government, and assess the continuing impact of the Supreme Court today.
    • 6.1.12.A.2.e Examine the emergence of early political parties and their views on centralized government and foreign affairs, and compare these positions with those of today’s political parties.
    • 6.1.12.B.2.a Analyze how the United States has attempted to account for regional differences while also striving to create an American identity.
  • Civil War and Reconstruction: The Civil War was caused by ideological, economic, and political differences about the future course of the nation. Efforts to reunite the country through Reconstruction were contested, resisted, and had long-term consequences.
    • 6.1.12.A.4.a Analyze the ways in which prevailing attitudes, socioeconomic factors, and government actions (i.e., the Fugitive Slave Act and Dred Scott Decision) in the North and South (i.e., Secession) led to the Civil War.
    • 6.1.12.A.4.b Analyze how ideas found in key documents (i.e., the Declaration of Independence, the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolution, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address) contributed to demanding equality for all.
    • 6.1.12.A.4.c Judge the effectiveness of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments in obtaining citizenship and equality for African Americans.
    • 6.1.12.D.4.e Analyze the impact of the Civil War and the 14th Amendment on the development of the country and on the relationship between the national and state governments.
  • The Emergence of Modern America: Progressive Reforms: Progressive reform movements promoted government efforts to address problems created by rapid industrialization, immigration, and unfair treatment of women, children, and minority groups. An expanding market for international trade promoted policies that resulted in America emerging as a world power.
    • 6.1.12.A.6.c Relate the creation of African American advocacy organizations (i.e., the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) to United States Supreme Court decisions (i.e., Plessy v. Ferguson) and state and local governmental policies.
    • 6.1.12.D.6.c Analyze the successes and failures of efforts to expand women’s rights, including the work of important leaders (i.e., Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Alice Paul, and Lucy Stone) and the eventual ratification of the 19th Amendment.
  • Postwar United States: Civil Rights and Social Change: The Civil Rights movement marked a period of social turmoil and political reform, resulting in the expansion of rights and opportunities for individuals and groups previously discriminated against.
    • 6.1.12.A.13.b Analyze the effectiveness of national legislation, policies, and Supreme Court decisions (i.e., the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, the Equal Rights Amendment, Title VII, Title IX, Affirmative Action, Brown v. Board of Education, and Roe v. Wade) in promoting civil liberties and equal opportunities.
  • Contemporary United States: Domestic Policies: Differing views on government’s role in social and economic issues led to greater partisanship in government decision making. The increased economic prosperity and opportunities experienced by many masked growing tensions and disparities experienced by some individuals and groups.
    • 6.1.12.A.14.a Evaluate the effectiveness of the checks and balances system in preventing one branch of national government from usurping too much power during contemporary times.
    • 6.1.12.A.14.b Analyze how the Supreme Court has interpreted the Constitution to define the rights of the individual, and evaluate the impact on public policies.