North Dakota

North Dakota Century Code, Chapter 15.1-21, Curriculum and Testing:

N.D. Cent. Code §15.1-21-01.3. Elementary and middle schools – Required instruction: “social studies, including: (a) The United States Constitution; (b) United States history; (c) Geography; (d) Government; and (e) North Dakota studies, with an emphasis on the geography, history, and agriculture of this state, in the fourth and eighth grades.”

N.D. Cent. Code §15.1-21-02.1.d. High schools – Required units: “four units of social studies, including: a) one unit of world history, b) one unit of United States history; and c) one unit of problems of democracy or one-half unit of United States government and one-half unit of economics.”

N.D. Cent. Code §15.1-21-02.2.4. High school graduation – Minimum requirements: “Three units of social studies, including: (a) one unit of United States history; (b) one-half unit of United States government and one- half unit of economics or one unit of problems of democracy; and (c) one unit or two one-half units of any other social studies, which may include civics, civilization, geography and history, multicultural studies, North Dakota studies, psychology, sociology, and world history.”

North Dakota Social Studies Standards

Grade K

  • K.2.1 Identify symbols of the United States (e.g., the flag, bald eagle, Statue of Liberty, patriotic songs, Pledge of Allegiance).
  • K.2.2 Identify United States holidays (e.g., Independence Day, Thanksgiving, Veterans’ Day, Memorial Day, Presidents’ Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day).

Grade 1

  • 1.2.3 Identify the people and events honored in United States holidays (e.g., Thanksgiving, Independence Day, Veterans’ Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, President’s Day, Memorial Day, Columbus Day, Labor Day).

Grade 2

  • 2.2.3 Identify historic United States figures (e.g., George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Susan B. Anthony, Abraham Lincoln, Harriet Tubman, Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Cesar Chavez, Sacagawea) and link them with their contributions.

Grade 3

  • 3.4.2 Identify the three branches of government (i.e., Executive, Legislative, Judicial).
  • 3.4.3 Explain the rule-making process and its purpose in the school.

Grade 5

  • 5.2.1 Explain the significance of America’s symbols (e.g., Pledge of Allegiance, Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell, American flag, Star Spangled Banner).
  • 5.2.2 Describe similarities and differences between past events and current events in U.S. history (e.g., in the lives of people from different cultures past and present).
  • 5.2.8 Explain reasons for early colonization (e.g., religious freedom, economic opportunity).
  • 5.2.10 Identify the reasons (e.g., Boston Tea Party, the Stamp Act, English Laws) for conflict between England and the American colonies and the key people (e.g., George Washington, King George III, John Adams, Paul Revere) involved.
  • 5.2.11 Analyze the events and consequences of the Revolutionary War (e.g., Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill, Benedict Arnold, Valley Forge).
  • 5.4.2 Identify the duties of the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the Federal government (e.g., checks and balances).
  • 5.4.3 Identify the purpose and importance behind documents leading up to the writing of the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights (e.g., Magna Carta, English common law, English Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation).
  • 5.4.4 Explain why the United States government is necessary (e.g., government helps secure people’s lives, liberty, and property through law and military protection; groups can accomplish things collectively that individuals cannot).

Grade 6

  • 6.2.9 Identify the features (e.g., early democratic government, Olympics) and accomplishments of classical Greek civilization (e.g., contributions to art, literature, science, and philosophy; the development of the concepts of citizenship).
  • 6.2.11 Identify the accomplishments (e.g., political and economic reasons for growth; contributions to art, literature, and architecture; citizenship, laws, and government; aqueducts) of Roman civilization, and the factors that led to its decline (e.g., Vandals and religious controversy, economic and military policies, lead).

Grade 8

  • 8.2.2 Explain how political parties developed to resolve issues (e.g., payment of debt, establishment of a national bank, strict or loose interpretation of the Constitution, support for England or France) in the early years of the United States.
  • 8.2.3 Explain how political leaders (e.g., Andrew Jackson, William Henry Harrison, Martin Van Buren, John Tyler) dictated national policy (e.g., States’ rights, closure of the National Bank, Indian Removal Act).
  • 8.2.5 Explain how reform efforts led to major changes in society (e.g., abolitionists, women’s movement, temperance, education).
  • 8.2.6 Explain the causes (e.g., states’ rights, slavery, differences in Northern and Southern economies) of the Civil War.
  • 8.2.7 Explain the course and consequences of the Civil War (e.g., contributions of key individuals, key battles, the Emancipation Proclamation).
  • 8.2.8 Trace the social, economic, political and cultural factors of Reconstruction (e.g., Jim Crow laws, election of 1876, black codes, rise of Ku Klux Klan).
  • 8.4.2 Explain factors (e.g., lack of economic power, lack of central government, no court systems) that contributed to the demise of the Articles of Confederation and explain how they led to the creation of the U.S. Constitution.
  • 8.4.3 Explain how the United States Constitution and Amendments influence society (e.g., voting rights, equal protection, due process).
  • 8.4.5 Describe the relationship (e.g., power, responsibility, influence) among the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the government at the local, state (i.e., North Dakota), and national level.

Grades 9-12

  • 9-12.2.1 Analyze Federal policy and action regarding American Indians (e.g. Dawes Act, changes in federal and state Indian policies, civil rights movement; current issues surrounding gaming, housing, distribution of wealth, and healthcare, Indian Reorganization Act, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Indian Civil Rights Act, Indian Child Welfare Act, American Indian Religious Freedom Act, Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, Citizenship, American Indian Movement).
  • 9-12.2.2 Evaluate the impact of various factors that led to the transformation of the nation (e.g., imperialism, industrialization, immigration, political/social reformers, urbanization, mechanization of agriculture, changing business environment).
  • 9-12.2.8 Analyze the struggle for equal opportunity (e.g., Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, civil rights legislation and course cases, civil rights organizations, National Organization for Women, Equal Rights Amendment, American Indian Movement, Caesar Chavez).
  • 9-12.2.11 Analyze the major social issues and popular culture of contemporary U.S. (e.g., immigration, environment, poverty, terrorism, and discrimination).
  • 9-12.2.12 Analyze the ideas, events and global impacts of the Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment.
  • 9-12.2.14 Compare the political, social, and industrial revolutions from the late 18th to the early 20th century (e.g., revolutions in the Americas and France; significant events and impacts of the Agricultural and the Industrial Revolution, Boer Wars, Boxer Rebellion, Sepoy rebellion).
  • 9-12.4.2 Compare the nature and source of various types of political entities past and present throughout the world (e.g., ancient Greek and Roman political thought; classical republicans; philosophy of natural rights; limited and unlimited governments; constitutional governments; representative democracy; confederal, federal, unitary systems of government, and international organizations).
  • 9-12.4.3 Analyze the content and context of documents, events, and organizations that influenced and established the United States (e.g., Magna Carta; English common law; Petition of Right; English Bill of Rights; 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses; Common Sense; Declaration of Independence, American Revolution Articles of Confederation; Constitutional Convention; Federalist Papers, Anti-Federalist Papers; U.S. Constitution, Bill of Rights).
  • 9-12.4.4 Evaluate the effectiveness of structures, operations, and influences of political systems and constitutional governments (e.g., federalism; separation of powers; checks and balances; media and special interest groups).
  • 9-12.4.5 Analyze historical and contemporary examples of civil liberties and civil rights in the U.S. (e.g., incorporation of the Bill of Rights, amendments, key legislation, and landmark Supreme Court cases).